Fish-borne parasitic zoonoses: status and issues

Int J Parasitol. 2005 Oct;35(11-12):1233-54. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2005.07.013.


The fish-borne parasitic zoonoses have been limited for the most part to populations living in low- and middle-income countries, but the geographical limits and populations at risk are expanding because of growing international markets, improved transportation systems, and demographic changes such as population movements. While many in developed countries will recognize meat-borne zoonoses such as trichinellosis and cysticercosis, far fewer are acquainted with the fish-borne parasitic zoonoses which are mostly helminthic diseases caused by trematodes, cestodes and nematodes. Yet these zoonoses are responsible for large numbers of human infections around the world. The list of potential fish-borne parasitic zoonoses is quite large. However, in this review, emphasis has been placed on liver fluke diseases such as clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis and metorchiasis, as well as on intestinal trematodiasis (the heterophyids and echinostomes), anisakiasis (due to Anisakis simplex larvae), and diphyllobothriasis. The life cycles, distributions, epidemiology, clinical aspects, and, importantly, the research needed for improved risk assessments, clinical management and prevention and control of these important parasitic diseases are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Communicable Disease Control
  • Disease Reservoirs
  • Female
  • Fish Diseases / diagnosis
  • Fish Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Fish Diseases / transmission
  • Fishes
  • Food Parasitology
  • Global Health*
  • Helminthiasis / diagnosis
  • Helminthiasis / epidemiology
  • Helminthiasis / transmission
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parasitic Diseases / diagnosis
  • Parasitic Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Parasitic Diseases / transmission
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic / epidemiology
  • Risk Assessment
  • Zoonoses