Molecular design of glycoprotein mimetics: glycoblotting by engineered proteins with an oxylamino-functionalized amino acid residue

Chemistry. 2005 Nov 18;11(23):6974-81. doi: 10.1002/chem.200500531.


The general and efficient method for the site-directed glycosylation of proteins is a key step in order to understand the biological importance of the carbohydrate chains of proteins and to control functional roles of the engineered glycoproteins in terms of the development of improved glycoprotein therapeutics. We have developed a novel method for site-directed glycosylation of proteins based on chemoselective blotting of common reducing sugars by genetically encoded proteins. The oxylamino-functionalized L-homoserine residues, 2-amino-4-O-(N-methylaminooxy) butanoic acid and 2-amino-4-aminooxy butanoic acid, were efficiently incorporated into proteins by using the four-base codon/anticodon pair strategy in Escherichia coli in vitro translation. Direct and chemoselective coupling between unmodified simple sugars and N-methylaminooxy group displayed on the engineered streptavidin allowed for the combinatorial synthesis of novel glycoprotein mimetics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / chemistry*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Carbohydrates / chemistry*
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Glycoproteins / chemistry*
  • Glycosylation
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Molecular Mimicry*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  • Protein Engineering*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Fast Atom Bombardment


  • Amino Acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Glycoproteins