Co-existence of primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis: a rare overlap syndrome put in perspective

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005 Oct;17(10):1077-80. doi: 10.1097/00042737-200510000-00011.

Abstract

Overlap syndromes between autoimmune hepatitis and both primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis are well described, but overlap between primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis is not recognized. We present two cases of an unusual autoimmune liver disease, both of which included an overlap between primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis, while one had features of all three conditions. The diagnoses were based on clinical, biochemical, serological, histological and cholangiographic findings. The two cases were identified from a consecutive cohort of 261 patients with autoimmune liver disease followed prospectively in secondary care over a 20-year period, which gives perspective to this uncommon overlap syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Autoimmune Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde
  • Cholangitis, Sclerosing / diagnosis*
  • Cholangitis, Sclerosing / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Hepatitis, Autoimmune / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary / diagnosis*
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary / diagnostic imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Syndrome