Treatment of non-dipper hypertension with bedtime administration of valsartan

J Hypertens. 2005 Oct;23(10):1913-22. doi: 10.1097/01.hjh.0000182522.21569.c5.


Background: Previous results have indicated that valsartan administration at bedtime, as opposed to upon wakening, may improve the diurnal: nocturnal ratio of blood pressure without loss in 24-h coverage and efficacy.

Objectives: To investigate the administration time-dependent antihypertensive efficacy of valsartan in non-dipper patients.

Methods: We studied 148 non-dipper patients with grade 1-2 essential hypertension, aged 53.0+/-12.6 years, who were randomly assigned to receive valsartan (160 mg/day) as a monotherapy either on awakening or at bedtime. Blood pressure was measured every 20 min during the day and every 30 min at night for 48 consecutive hours before and after 3 months of treatment. Physical activity was simultaneously monitored every minute by wrist actigraphy to accurately calculate the diurnal and nocturnal means of blood pressure on a per subject basis.

Results: The significant blood pressure reduction after 3 months of valsartan (P<0.001) was similar for both treatment times (13.1 and 8.5 mmHg reduction in the 24-h mean of systolic and diastolic blood pressure with morning administration; 14.7 and 10.3 mmHg with bedtime administration; P>0.126 for treatment-time effect). The diurnal: nocturnal ratio of blood pressure was significantly increased only when valsartan was administered before bedtime, which resulted in 75% of the patients in this group reverting to dippers, a significant increase in the percentage of patients with controlled blood pressure over 24 h, and a reduction in urinary albumin excretion.

Conclusions: In non-dipper hypertensive patients, dosing time with valsartan should be chosen at bedtime, for improved efficacy during the nocturnal resting hours, as well as the potential associated reduction in cardiovascular risk.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers / administration & dosage
  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers / therapeutic use
  • Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects*
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory
  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tetrazoles / administration & dosage*
  • Tetrazoles / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Valine / administration & dosage
  • Valine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Valine / therapeutic use
  • Valsartan


  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Tetrazoles
  • Valsartan
  • Valine