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Clinical Trial
, 55 (3), 374-9

Association of Pretreatment Serum Interferon Gamma Inducible Protein 10 Levels With Sustained Virological Response to Peginterferon Plus Ribavirin Therapy in Genotype 1 Infected Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C

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Clinical Trial

Association of Pretreatment Serum Interferon Gamma Inducible Protein 10 Levels With Sustained Virological Response to Peginterferon Plus Ribavirin Therapy in Genotype 1 Infected Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C

M Diago et al. Gut.

Abstract

Background: Increased serum and intrahepatic interferon gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10) levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) have been described.

Aim: To analyse the possible association of serum IP-10 levels with different outcomes to antiviral therapy.

Patients: A total of 137 CHC patients treated with peginterferon plus ribavirin.

Methods: Serum IP-10 levels were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay before therapy, after 12 weeks of treatment, and 24 weeks after cessation of therapy. Variables significantly associated with a sustained virological response (SVR) on univariate analysis were included in a multivariate logistic regression model.

Results: Pretreatment serum IP-10 levels in patients with SVR were significantly lower than in non-responders (NR) (332.4 (222.1) v 476.8 (305.3) pg/ml, respectively; p=0.004). Serum IP-10 concentrations significantly decreased in patients with SVR (pretreatment: 332.4 (222.1) pg/ml; post-treatment: 170.2 (140.1) pg/ml; p<0.001) but not in NR (pretreatment: 476.8 (305.3) pg/ml; post treatment: 387.3 (268.1) pg/ml; p=0.06). By multivariate analysis, non-1 genotype (odds ratio (OR) 3.5 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-10.4); p=0.003) and low viral load at baseline (OR 0.34 (95% CI 0.14-0.79); p=0.01) were independent predictors of SVR in all patients. When multivariate analysis was restricted to patients with genotype 1, only baseline viral load (OR 0.38 (95% CI 0.155-0.96); p=0.04) and pretreatment serum IP-10 levels (OR 0.99 (95% CI 0.996-0.999); p=0.03) were identified as predictive factors of SVR.

Conclusion: Pretreatment serum IP-10 behaves as a predictive factor of SVR to peginterferon plus ribavirin therapy in genotype 1 infected patients.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest: None declared.

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