Background and objective: We assess the metabolic control, complications, quality of life related to health (QLRH) and the type and amount of medical resource consumption (MRC) in type 2 diabetic patients (2DMp) followed by primary care physicians (PCP) in Spain.
Patients and method: We studied 628 2DMp divided in 4 cohorts: 1. Either newly diagnosed 2DMp who required pharmacological treatment or failed to non-pharmacological measures; 2. Patients pharmacologically treated for less than 1 year; 3. Patients with pharmacological treatment for more than 1 year; 4. Patients with impaired fasting glucose (control group).
Results: Eighty percent of the subjects were overweight. At baseline, 27.9, 23.5 and 36.9% of patients from cohorts 1, 2 and 3, respectively, had HbA1C < 8%. After 6 months of follow-up, 14.6, 21.3 and 22.8% of patients from cohorts 1, 2 and 3, respectively, still had "bad control". At baseline, 38.0%, 21.2% and 20.7% of patients from cohorts 1, 2, and 3, respectively, had "bad lipid profile". After 6 months, 57.4%, 54.2% and 45.3% of cohorts 1, 2 and 3, respectively, still had plasma cLDL levels > 130 mg/dl. Complications were more frequent in cohort 3. During the 6-month period, MRC was higher among 2DMp than controls (p < 0.05) and higher among patients from cohort 3 (p < 0.05) compared with all the other patients. More diabetic than control patients and more patients from cohort 3 than patients from cohort 1 and 2 reported that their expected quality of life would be better without diabetes.
Conclusions: One out of four of diabetic patients studied had HbA1C and lipids higher than the limits suggested by guidelines. Type 2 diabetes is associated with higher MRC and worse QLRH. This situation is worse among long-term diabetic patients.