We recently reported that macrophages from aged mice produced less tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation than macrophages from young animals. This correlated with decreased levels of phosphorylated and total p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Here, we went on to determine if age affects other Toll-like (TLR) and non-TLR signaling pathways. We found that LPS- and zymosan-stimulated TNF-alpha and IL-6 production is attenuated in splenic macrophages from aged mice compared to young. Conversely, LPS-stimulated, but not zymosan-stimulated, IL-10 production from the aged group was elevated over that of the young group. In contrast, IL-2-stimulated TNF-alpha and IL-6 production was not affected by age. The age-associated changes did not correlate with alterations in the cell-surface expression of TLR2, TLR4, or IL-2Rbeta. Macrophages from aged mice demonstrated lower p38 MAPK and MAPK-activated protein kinase (APK)-2 activation. Protein expression of p38, but not MAPK-APK-2, was reduced with age. Additionally, nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation was significantly decreased in macrophages from aged mice after exposure to LPS, but not IL-2. These data indicate that age-associated macrophage signaling alterations are pathway-specific and suggest that TLR-mediated pathways are impaired with age at the level of MAPK expression.