Effect of decentration of wavefront-corrected intraocular lenses on the higher-order aberrations of the eye

Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Sep;123(9):1226-30. doi: 10.1001/archopht.123.9.1226.


Objective: To evaluate the theoretical effect of decentration of aspherical intraocular lenses (IOLs) and wavefront-corrected IOLs up to the sixth order on higher-order aberrations (HOAs) (third through sixth order) of the eye.

Methods: An aspherical IOL with HOAs of fourth-order spherical aberrations only (-0.287 microm with a 6-mm pupil) and a wavefront-corrected IOL with HOAs of equal magnitude and opposite from the corneal HOAs were created and laterally shifted up to 1 mm to simulate decentered IOLs. The residual HOAs for pupils of 3 to 6 mm were calculated by combining the HOAs from the cornea and the decentered IOL. Based on the residual HOAs, optical quality was rated by 3 criteria: the Marechal criterion, a diffraction-limited optical system with an aberration less than lambda/14; P(10), the lower 10th percentile of the corneal HOAs in this study group; and decreased HOA, residual ocular HOAs less than the corresponding corneal HOAs.

Results: Simulated implantation of the aspherical IOLs and wavefront-corrected IOLs was performed in 154 eyes of 94 patients aged 40 to 80 years. For a centered aspherical IOL and a 6-mm pupil, no eyes met the Marechal criterion, and the P(10) and decreased-HOA criteria were met by 46% and 93% of eyes, respectively. For a 6-mm pupil, the required centration was 0.47 mm to meet the decreased-HOA criterion in 50% of eyes. With a wavefront-corrected IOL and a 6-mm pupil, the centrations required to meet the criteria for 90% of eyes were 0.04 mm for the Marechal criterion, 0.36 mm for P(10), and 0.48 mm for the decreased-HOA criterion.

Conclusion: Excellent centration is required to maximize the visual outcome of wavefront-corrected IOLs.

Clinical relevance: With current surgical techniques, implantation of aspherical IOLs and wavefront-corrected IOLs will reduce total ocular HOAs below corneal HOAs in approximately 45% and 86% of eyes (6-mm pupil), respectively.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cataract Extraction
  • Cornea / physiopathology*
  • Corneal Topography
  • Foreign-Body Migration / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular*
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Middle Aged
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Refractive Errors / physiopathology*
  • Visual Acuity / physiology