Relationship between glucose transporter and changes in the absorptive system in small intestinal absorptive cells during the weaning process

Med Mol Morphol. 2005 Mar;38(1):47-53. doi: 10.1007/s00795-004-0275-y.

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the changes in the localization of the glucose transporter GLUT2 and the fructose transporter GLUT5 in small intestinal absorptive cells during postnatal development, especially during the weaning period, using immunohistochemistry and confocal laser scanning microscopy. In the jejunum, GLUT2 was observed within the apical and basolateral membrane domain of absorptive cells, especially in the middle part of the villi. In the suckling rat ileum, GLUT2 was found within the apical and basolateral membrane domain of absorptive cells, but after 18 or 19 days after birth, GLUT2 was found mainly within the apical membrane domain. GLUT5 was observed within the apical membrane domain of absorptive cells in the suckling rat jejunum. In the 18- or 19-day-old rat jejunum, GLUT5 was localized within the apical and basolateral membrane domain of absorptive cells in the lower part of the villi, but after weaning, GLUT5 was found within the apical and basolateral membrane domain of absorptive cells throughout the entire villi. In the suckling rat ileum, there was little GLUT5 in the absorptive cells. In the 18- or 19-day-old rat ileum, GLUT5 was localized within the apical membrane domain of absorptive cells in the lower part of the villi, but after weaning, GLUT5 was observed mainly within the apical membrane domain of absorptive cells throughout the entire villi. These results suggest that the localization of glucose transporters corresponds with a shift from neonatal-suckling to weaned absorptive cells during postnatal development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absorption
  • Animals
  • Glucose Transporter Type 2
  • Glucose Transporter Type 5
  • Intestine, Small / chemistry
  • Intestine, Small / cytology*
  • Intestine, Small / growth & development*
  • Jejunum / chemistry
  • Jejunum / metabolism
  • Jejunum / ultrastructure
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / analysis*
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Weaning*

Substances

  • Glucose Transporter Type 2
  • Glucose Transporter Type 5
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins