Background: Data on reverse remodeling of the left atrium (LA) and left ventricle (LV) after restrictive annuloplasty in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy are scarce, and follow-up studies are performed with echocardiography.
Methods and results: Twenty patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and severe mitral regurgitation selected for restrictive mitral annuloplasty underwent serial MRI studies (within 1 week before surgery, and 2 months [n =18] and 1 year [n =13] after surgery). Early mortality was 10%; all patients were free from endocarditis and thromboembolism. New York Heart Association class improved from 3.2+/-0.4 to 1.2+/-0.9. Only 1 patient developed recurrent severe mitral regurgitation during follow-up and it was re-repaired. LA end-systolic volumes decreased significantly over time (from 165+/-48 mL to 109+/-23 mL to 111+/-28 mL; P < 0.01), as did LA end-diastolic volumes (from 92+/-32 mL to 71+/-22 mL to 75+/-17 mL; P = 0.01). LV end-diastolic volumes decreased significantly (from 244+/-56 mL to 184+/-54 mL to 195+/-67 mL; P < 0.01), whereas end-systolic volumes did not change significantly. LV ejection fraction increased significantly (from 35+/-8% to 46+/-13% to 46+/-15%; P < 0.01) and LV mass decreased significantly (from 150+/-43 grams to 132+/-39 grams to 136+/-33 grams; P = 0.02).
Conclusions: Restrictive annuloplasty in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy yielded excellent clinical results associated with significant LA and LV reverse remodeling over time as demonstrated by MRI.