Assessment of motor development and function in preschool children

Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2005;11(3):189-96. doi: 10.1002/mrdd.20074.


The process of identification of children with delays or disorders in motor development includes developmental screening, examination, and reexamination. Throughout this process, various types of measures are used, including discriminative and evaluative measures. Discriminative and evaluative measures of motor development and function that are commonly used for preschool-aged children include the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II, Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, 2nd edition, Toddler and Infant Motor Evaluation, Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, and Gross Motor Function Measure. Selecting an appropriate measure is a crucial part of the examination process and should be geared toward the purpose of testing and characteristics of the child. Evidence of reliability and validity are important considerations for selection of a measure.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child Development / physiology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Mass Screening / methods
  • Motor Skills / physiology*
  • Motor Skills Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Motor Skills Disorders / therapy
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results