Pulmonary agenesis associated with dextrocardia, sternal defects, and ectopic kidney

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2005 Dec;40(6):547-9. doi: 10.1002/ppul.20301.


Pulmonary agenesis is a rare embryological defect, usually unilateral, and is associated with skeletal, cardiovascular, and other anomalies. A 22-month-old girl was admitted to our clinic with recurrent pulmonary infections. A chest X-ray and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) revealed pulmonary agenesis with dextrocardia, sternal defects, and a right pelvic ectopic kidney. We report on the first known case of right-sided pulmonary agenesis combined with isolated dextrocardia, sternal defects, and an ectopic kidney. The importance of MDCT for the diagnosis of pulmonary agenesis and associated other anomalies is demonstrated.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Dextrocardia / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Kidney / abnormalities*
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung / abnormalities*
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Artery / abnormalities*
  • Pulmonary Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Radiography
  • Recurrence
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / etiology
  • Sternum / abnormalities*
  • Sternum / diagnostic imaging