The Irish health system: developments in strategy, structure, funding and delivery since 1980

Health Econ. 2005 Sep;14(Suppl 1):S169-86. doi: 10.1002/hec.1034.


As the Irish health system embarks upon its first major structural reorganisation in over 30 years, developments within this system over the past two decades are assessed. Real cuts in health expenditure achieved in the 1980s contrast sharply with the unprecedented increase in resources devoted to the health system in the 1990s. While successive statements of health strategy have prioritised the objectives of equity, efficiency and quality of care, questions arise regarding the return achieved with the increased investment. With higher levels of economic growth, more people have been buying private health insurance such that almost half the population are now privately insured. At the same time, the numbers with eligibility for health services without charge have decreased while those from lower socio-economic groups continue to have higher levels of utilisation. Equity issues arise, however, with regard to access to public hospitals as the rate of growth in admissions for private patients outstrips that for public patients. The establishment of a National Treatment Purchase Fund to purchase treatment in private facilities for public patients on waiting lists raises efficiency and equity questions as the treatment of private patients in public hospitals is heavily subsidised while the State pays full cost for the treatment of public patients in private facilities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Financial Management / organization & administration
  • Health Care Rationing / economics
  • Health Care Rationing / organization & administration*
  • Health Care Reform / economics
  • Health Care Reform / organization & administration*
  • Health Policy
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Humans
  • Ireland
  • National Health Programs / economics
  • National Health Programs / organization & administration*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care / organization & administration
  • Reimbursement Mechanisms / organization & administration
  • Waiting Lists