c-Src regulates constitutive and EGF-mediated VEGF expression in pancreatic tumor cells through activation of phosphatidyl inositol-3 kinase and p38 MAPK

Pancreas. 2005 Oct;31(3):263-74. doi: 10.1097/01.mpa.0000178280.50534.0c.


Objectives: Multiple signaling proteins may be aberrantly activated and/or overexpressed in pancreatic tumors, including the nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase Src. The goal of this study was to determine the role of Src in regulating VEGF expression and angiogenic potential in pancreatic cancer cell lines.

Methods: Src activity was inhibited using the Src family kinase selective inhibitor PP2, and c-Src expression was down-regulated via siRNA. The activities of downstream signaling molecules phosphatidyl inositol 3'-kinase (PI3K) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were disrupted via selective inhibitors. In vivo angiogenesis was assessed through the use of a gel-foam assay.

Results: Inhibition of Src activity or expression decreases both constitutive and EGF-induced VEGF production. Both the PI3K/Akt and p38 MAPK pathways are activated in a Src family kinase-dependent fashion on EGF-R activation and are important for EGF-mediated VEGF production in pancreatic cancer cells. Additionally, media from Src-inhibited L3.6pl cells fail to promote angiogenesis into gel foams implanted subcutaneously into mice, whereas media from control cells promote a robust angiogenic response.

Conclusions: Src activity contributes to constitutive and EGF-induced VEGF expression and angiogenic potential in pancreatic cancer cells. Therefore, Src may be a viable target for antiangiogenesis therapy in pancreatic cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CSK Tyrosine-Protein Kinase
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System / drug effects
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / blood supply
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism*
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • src-Family Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • src-Family Kinases / metabolism


  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • CSK Tyrosine-Protein Kinase
  • src-Family Kinases
  • CSK protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases