Posterior mediastinal hemangioma

Pediatr Radiol. 2005 Dec;35(12):1263-6. doi: 10.1007/s00247-005-1571-y. Epub 2005 Sep 15.


We report posterior mediastinal hemangiomas in a 4-month-old and a 6-month-old girl. The masses were identified on radiographs of the chest followed by contrast-enhanced CT. Histological evaluation of the surgical specimens established the final diagnosis. Although mediastinal hemangiomas have been described, they remain a rare entity. A diagnosis can be suggested by relatively high attenuating masses on contrast-enhanced CT. Posterior mediastinal hemangiomas sometimes mimic neuroblastomas, which is the most common posterior mediastinal in this age group.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Contrast Media
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Hemangioma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hemangioma / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Neuroblastoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement
  • Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Thoracotomy
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Contrast Media