Antinociception, tolerance and withdrawal symptoms induced by 7-hydroxymitragynine, an alkaloid from the Thai medicinal herb Mitragyna speciosa

Life Sci. 2005 Nov 19;78(1):2-7. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2004.10.086. Epub 2005 Sep 15.


7-Hydroxymitragynine is a potent opioid analgesic alkaloid isolated from the Thai medicinal herb Mitragyna speciosa. In the present study, we investigated the opioid receptor subtype responsible for the analgesic effect of this compound. In addition, we tested whether development of tolerance, cross-tolerance to morphine and naloxone-induced withdrawal signs were observed in chronically 7-hydroxymitragynine-treated mice. Subcutaneous (s.c.) administration of 7-hydroxymitragynine produced a potent antinociceptive effect mainly through activation of mu-opioid receptors. Tolerance to the antinociceptive effect of 7-hydroxymitragynine developed as occurs to morphine. Cross-tolerance to morphine was evident in mice rendered tolerant to 7-hydroxymitragynine and vice versa. Naloxone-induced withdrawal signs were elicited equally in mice chronically treated with 7-hydroxymitragynine or morphine. 7-Hydroxymitragynine exhibited a potent antinociceptive effect based on activation of mu-opioid receptors and its morphine-like pharmacological character, but 7-hydroxymitragynine is structurally different from morphine. These interesting characters of 7-hydroxymitragynine promote further investigation of it as a novel lead compound for opioid studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analgesics*
  • Analgesics, Opioid / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Injections, Subcutaneous
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mitragyna / adverse effects*
  • Mitragyna / chemistry*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Morphinans / pharmacology
  • Morphine / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Morphine / pharmacology
  • Naloxone / pharmacology
  • Naltrexone / analogs & derivatives
  • Naltrexone / pharmacology
  • Narcotic Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Pain Measurement / drug effects
  • Reaction Time / drug effects
  • Secologanin Tryptamine Alkaloids / adverse effects*
  • Secologanin Tryptamine Alkaloids / chemistry
  • Secologanin Tryptamine Alkaloids / pharmacology*
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / psychology*
  • Thailand


  • Analgesics
  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Morphinans
  • Narcotic Antagonists
  • Secologanin Tryptamine Alkaloids
  • cyprodime
  • 7-hydroxymitragynine
  • Naloxone
  • norbinaltorphimine
  • Naltrexone
  • Morphine
  • naltrindole