Inflammatory neuropathies: an update on evaluation and treatment

Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2005 Oct;7(5):348-55. doi: 10.1007/s11926-005-0019-6.


Inflammatory neuropathies are a diverse group of illnesses sharing the pathologic characteristic of inflammation surrounding nerve fibers. They may be autoimmune, granulomatous, infectious, paraneoplastic, or paraproteinemic in origin. All can result in significant morbidity and rarely, death. It is critical to correctly diagnose these illnesses, as many respond well to treatment. In this paper, the diagnosis and latest developments in the treatment of the most common inflammatory neuropathies (Guillain-Barré syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, neurosarcoidosis, anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein neuropathy, Sjögren's syndrome, paraneoplastic neuronopathy, and vasculitic neuropathies) will be discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Biopsy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Neuritis* / classification
  • Neuritis* / drug therapy
  • Neuritis* / pathology
  • Peripheral Nerves / pathology


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents