'The 39 steps' in gene expression profiling: critical issues and proposed best practices for microarray experiments

Drug Discov Today. 2005 Sep 1;10(17):1175-82. doi: 10.1016/S1359-6446(05)03565-8.


Gene expression microarrays have been used widely to address increasingly complex biological questions and to produce an unprecedented amount of data, but have yet to realize their full potential. The interpretation of microarray data remains a major challenge because of the complexity of the underlying biological networks. To gather meaningful expression data, it is crucial to develop standardized approaches for vigilant study design, controlled annotation of resources, careful quality control of experiments, robust statistics, and data registration and storage. This article reviews the steps needed in the design and execution of valid microarray experiments so that global gene expression data can play a major role in the pursuit of future biological discoveries that will impact drug development.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Drug Design
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods*
  • Humans
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis*