We have studied the pharmacokinetics of methotrexate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis concurrently treated with choline magnesium trisalicylate, ibuprofen, naproxen, or a non-NSAID analgesic (control treatment). The apparent systemic clearance of methotrexate was significantly reduced by all three treatments. Trisalicylate and ibuprofen both significantly reduced methotrexate renal clearance, but only the trisalicylate significantly displaced methotrexate from protein, increasing the fraction unbound by 28%. These data show that NSAIDs can affect the disposition of methotrexate, possibly increasing the potential for toxicity and necessitating dosage adjustments. However, large inter-subject variability precludes specific dosage recommendations.