Later evolution after cardiac transplantation in Chagas' disease

Transplant Proc. 2005 Jul-Aug;37(6):2793-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2005.05.038.


Objective: This research reported the accumulated experience with cardiac transplantation in Chagas' disease, emphasizing reactivation, immunosuppression, and mortality.

Methods: Fifty-nine patients undergoing cardiac transplantation had Chagas' disease with classically accepted recipient selection criteria. In this series, 84.7% of the patients were functional class IV; 36.0% used vasopressor support; and 13.5% mechanical circulatory assistance. One patient received a heart and kidney transplantation.

Results: After the initial experience the doses of immunosuppressants were significantly reduced with improvement in outcomes. The diagnosis of the reactivation of disease was documented by the identification of parasite in the myocardium, or on subcutaneous or serological exams. Reactivation of disease was significantly reduced by decreasing the immunosuppression. Immediate mortality occurred in 10 cases: three infections, two allograft dysfunction, two rejections, and two sudden deaths. Subsequent mortality happened in 14 patients: four by lymphoma, three by infection, two by Kaposi's sarcoma two by rejection, two by constrictive pericarditis, and one by reactivation of disease in the brain.

Conclusions: There's no correlation between the disease and pre- or postoperative prophylaxis. The early diagnosis and specific treatment of reactivation did not leave functional sequelae in the myocardium. Reduction in immunosuppression significantly reduced reactivation of disease and neoplasms. The combined transplantation can be realized safely with more care about the immunosuppressants.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Cardiomyopathies / parasitology
  • Cardiomyopathies / surgery*
  • Cause of Death
  • Chagas Disease / complications*
  • Cyclosporine / therapeutic use
  • Heart Transplantation / immunology
  • Heart Transplantation / mortality
  • Heart Transplantation / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Analysis


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Cyclosporine