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, 66 (4), 305-13

Identification of HLA-A*3101-restricted Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte Response to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) in Patients With Chronic HIV-1 Infection

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Identification of HLA-A*3101-restricted Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte Response to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) in Patients With Chronic HIV-1 Infection

M A Borghan et al. Tissue Antigens.

Abstract

Virus-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses are critical in the control of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infections. As several HIV-1 CTL epitopes restricted to many HLA types are already known, we aimed at identifying the CTL epitopes restricted by HLA-A*3101 in an effort to expand the epitope repertoire available for the development of potential T cell-mediated therapeutic measures and protective vaccines. Scanning of HIV-1 clade B SF2 strain proteins for the presence of peptides containing HLA-A*3101-binding motifs revealed 88 nine- to 11-mer peptides that had been synthesized and assayed for binding to HLA-A*3101 molecules. Peptides with medium to high HLA-binding affinity were tested for their ability to stimulate a CTL response in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from selected HIV-1-infected patients. Two of these binding peptides, Env769-779 (RLRDLLLIAAR) and Nef192-200 (KLAFHHMAR), induced peptide-specific CTLs in PBMCs from at least two of five HIV-1-seropositive individuals. CTL clones specific for the two peptides killed HLA-A*3101-expressing target cells infected with HIV-1 recombinant vaccinia virus, indicating that these peptides were naturally processed HLA-A*3101-restricted CTL epitopes. Identification of T-cell epitopes on HIV-1 proteins will increase our understanding of the role of CD8+ T cells in HIV-1 infections and assist in the design of new protective strategies.

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