The 44 kDa Pim-1 kinase directly interacts with tyrosine kinase Etk/BMX and protects human prostate cancer cells from apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic drugs

Oncogene. 2006 Jan 5;25(1):70-8. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1209058.


Protein kinase Pim-1 has been implicated in the development of hematopoietic and prostatic malignancies. Here, we present the evidence that two isoforms, the 44 and 33 kDa Pim-1, are expressed in all human prostate cancer cell lines examined. The subcellular localization of human 44 kDa Pim-1 is primarily on the plasma membrane, while the 33 kDa isoform is present in both the cytosol and nucleus in PCA cells. The 44 kDa Pim-1 contains the proline-rich motif at the N-terminus and directly binds to the SH3 domain of tyrosine kinase Etk. Such interaction leads to the activation of Etk kinase activity possibly by competing with the tumor suppressor p53. This is corroborated by the fact that overexpression of the 44 kDa Pim-1 in prostate cancer cells confers the resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. Our results suggest that these two isoforms of Pim-1 kinase may regulate distinct substrates and the 44 kDa Pim-1 may play a more prominent role in drug resistance in prostate cancer cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Apoptosis*
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Cytosol / metabolism
  • DNA, Complementary / metabolism
  • Down-Regulation
  • Doxorubicin / pharmacology
  • Expressed Sequence Tags
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • Interleukin-6 / metabolism
  • Lentivirus / metabolism
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • Plasmids / metabolism
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-pim-1 / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-pim-1 / physiology*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Time Factors
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Interleukin-6
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Doxorubicin
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • BMX protein, human
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-pim-1