Anatomical studies on water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) under the influence of textile wastewater

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2005 Oct;6(10):991-8. doi: 10.1631/jzus.2005.B0991.


Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) is a prolific free floating aquatic macrohpyte found in tropical and subtropical parts of the earth. The effects of pollutants from textile wastewater on the anatomy of the plant were studied. Water hyacinth exhibits hydrophytic adaptations which include reduced epidermis cells lacking cuticle in most cases, presence of large air spaces (7 approximately 50 microm), reduced vascular tissue and absorbing structures. Textile waste significantly affected the size of root cells. The presence of raphide crystals was noted in parenchyma cells of various organs in treated plants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Eichhornia / anatomy & histology*
  • Eichhornia / growth & development
  • Industrial Waste*
  • Plant Roots / anatomy & histology
  • Rhizome / anatomy & histology
  • Textile Industry*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical*


  • Industrial Waste
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical