Male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and Brown Norway (BN) rats (11-12 weeks, n = 184) received an injection of saline, haloperidol, or clozapine, followed by an intracerebroventricular infusion of saline or corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). Rats were tested for prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response. BN rats showed less PPI than WKY rats, and neither antipsychotic alone enhanced PPI. In WKY rats, both haloperidol and clozapine attenuated the CRF-induced decrease in PPI. In CRF-treated BN rats, clozapine-enhanced PPI. A clozapine-induced decrease in startle amplitude was seen in CRF-treated BN rats but not in CRF-treated WKY rats. Although the disruption of PPI caused by exogenous CRF administration can be reversed by acute antipsychotic treatment, baseline PPI is not altered.
(c) 2005 APA