Redesigned purification yields a fully functional PutA protein dimer from Escherichia coli

J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 25;267(18):13086-92.


Proline utilization by Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium requires expression of genes putP (encoding a proline transporter) and putA. Genetic data indicate that the PutA protein is both put repressor and a respiratory chain-linked dehydrogenase. We report a redesigned purification procedure as well as the physical characteristics and biological activities of the PutA protein purified from E. coli. The purified protein was homogeneous as determined by electrophoresis performed under denaturing and nondenaturing conditions. Its N-terminal sequence corresponded to that predicted by the DNA sequence. We showed copurification of proline and delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase activities. Purified PutA protein bound put DNA in vitro in an electrophoretic band-shift assay and it could be reconstituted to inverted membrane vesicles, yielding proline dehydrogenase activity. The Stokes radius and Svedberg coefficient of the protein were determined to be 7.1 nm and 9.9 S, respectively. These hydrodynamic data revealed that the protein in our preparation was dimeric with a molecular mass of 293 kDa and that it had an irregular shape indicated by the friction factor (f/f0) of 1.6.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry
  • Bacterial Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Centrifugation, Density Gradient
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • DNA, Bacterial / metabolism
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Escherichia coli / chemistry*
  • Introns
  • Proline Oxidase / isolation & purification
  • Proline Oxidase / metabolism


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Proline Oxidase