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. 1992 Jul 5;267(19):13573-9.

Isolation and Characterization of a Novel Trypsin-Like Protease Found in Rat Bronchiolar Epithelial Clara Cells. A Possible Activator of the Viral Fusion Glycoprotein

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  • PMID: 1618859
Free article

Isolation and Characterization of a Novel Trypsin-Like Protease Found in Rat Bronchiolar Epithelial Clara Cells. A Possible Activator of the Viral Fusion Glycoprotein

H Kido et al. J Biol Chem. .
Free article

Abstract

A novel trypsin-like protease associated with rat bronchiolar epithelial Clara cells, named Tryptase Clara, was purified to homogeneity from rat lung by a series of standard chromatographic procedures. The enzyme has apparent molecular masses of 180 +/- 16 kDa on gel filtration and 30 +/- 1.5 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under reducing conditions. Its isoelectric point is pH 4.75. Studies with model peptide substrates showed that the enzyme preferentially recognizes a single arginine cleavage site, cleaving Boc-Gln-Ala-Arg-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amide most efficiently and having a pH optimum of 7.5 with this substrate. The enzyme is strongly inhibited by aprotinin, diisopropylfluorophosphate, antipain, leupeptin, and Kunitz-type soybean trypsin inhibitor, but inhibited only slightly by Bowman-Birk soybean trypsin inhibitor, benzamidine, and alpha 1-antitrypsin. Immunohistochemical studies indicated that the enzyme is located exclusively in the bronchiolar epithelial Clara cells and colocalized with surfactant. An immunoreactive protein with a molecular mass of 28.5 kDa was also detected in airway secretions by Western blotting analyses, suggesting that the 30-kDa protease in Clara cells is processed before or after its secretion. Proteolytic cleavage of the hemagglutinin of influenza virus is a prerequisite for the virus to become infectious. Tryptase Clara was shown to cleave the hemagglutinin and activate infectivity of influenza A virus in a dose-dependent way. These results suggest that the enzyme is a possible activator of inactive viral fusion glycoprotein in the respiratory tract and thus responsible for pneumopathogenicity of the virus.

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