We compared high volume (20 ml/kg) with standard volume (15 ml/kg) packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions in a randomized trial. Ten high volume babies received a mean of 2.8 transfusions, while 10 standard volume babies received a mean of 3.4 (p=0.58). No adverse events were attributed to the use of the high volume transfusions.
Conclusion: Higher transfusion volumes appear to be well tolerated. The data can be used in the planning of larger controlled trials in VLBW infants.