Stress, coping, and psychological adjustment of adults with sickle cell disease

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1992 Jun;60(3):433-40. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.60.3.433.


A transactional model of psychological adjustment to chronic illness was examined with 109 African-American adults with sickle cell disease (SCD). Good psychological adjustment was associated with lower levels of perceived daily stress and stress regarding SCD illness tasks, higher efficacy expectations, less use of palliative coping methods, less use of negative thinking/passive adherence pain-coping strategies, and family functioning characterized by high levels of support and low levels of conflict and control. Overall the underlying stress and coping conceptual model accounted for 44-50% of the variance in psychological adjustment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Black People
  • Black or African American
  • Chronic Disease
  • Family
  • Female
  • Hemoglobin SC Disease / epidemiology
  • Hemoglobin SC Disease / psychology*
  • Hemoglobin SC Disease / therapy
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Inventory
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Support
  • United States / epidemiology