Observing relationships in Finnish adoptive families: Oulu Family Rating Scale

Nord J Psychiatry. 2005;59(4):253-63. doi: 10.1080/08039480500227683.


Adoption studies were intended to separate genetic from environmental "causal" factors. In earlier adoption studies, psychiatric diagnostic labels for the adoptive parents were used as a proxy for the multiple dimensions of the family rearing environment. In the Finnish Adoption Study, research design provided the opportunity to study directly the adoptive family rearing environment. For this purpose 33 sub-scales were selected creating what we call Oulu Family Rating Scale (OPAS, Oulun PerheArviointiSkaala). In this paper, the manual for scoring of these sub-scales is presented.

MeSH terms

  • Adoption / ethnology*
  • Adoption / psychology*
  • Child
  • Child Rearing
  • Family / ethnology*
  • Family / psychology*
  • Finland
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Observation
  • Social Environment*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*