Canine bladder and urethral tumors: a retrospective study of 115 cases (1980-1985)

J Vet Intern Med. May-Jun 1992;6(3):145-53. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.1992.tb00330.x.


One hundred and fifteen dogs with neoplasms of the lower urinary tract (bladder and/or urethra) were retrospectively evaluated at five referral institutions participating in ongoing studies by the Veterinary Cooperative Oncology Group. Most tumors were malignant (97%) and of epithelial origin (97%). Lower urinary tract tumors were more common in older dogs weighing greater than 10 kg. The following significant (P less than 0.05) statistical associations were found using the University of Guelph hospital population as control; there was no sex predisposition although the female:male ratio was 1.95:1. Neutered dogs were predisposed as were Airedale Terriers, Beagles, and Scottish Terriers, whereas German Shepherds were significantly under-represented among dogs with lower urinary tract tumors. These statistical associations should be interpreted cautiously because of possible demographic differences in hospital populations among the University of Guelph and other cooperating institutions. There were no significant correlations between age, gender, weight, breed, response to therapy, and survival time. Clinical signs were indicative of lower urinary tract disease and included hematuria, stranguria, and pollakiuria. The laboratory data were nonspecific except for urinalysis test results. Hematuria and inflammatory urinary sediments were most commonly reported; neoplastic cells were identified in the urine sediment of 30% of dogs with lower urinary tract tumors. Contrast cystography was a useful noninvasive diagnostic method since 96% of the dogs had a mass or filling defect in the lower urinary tract demonstrated by this technique.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Breeding
  • Castration / veterinary
  • Dog Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Dog Diseases / therapy
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Male
  • Ontario / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Urethral Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Urethral Neoplasms / therapy
  • Urethral Neoplasms / veterinary*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / therapy
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / veterinary*