Cytotoxic and proliferative lymphocyte responses to allogeneic and xenogeneic antigens in vitro

Aust J Exp Biol Med Sci. 1979 Oct;57(5):467-77. doi: 10.1038/icb.1979.48.

Abstract

In vitro lymphoproliferative responses to foreign histocompatibility antigens are phylogenetically restricted. Responses occur most readily to allogeneic or closely related xenogeneic leucocytes, but not to unrelated xenogeneic cells. Specific cytotoxic T cell responses to foreign histocompatibility antigens show the same phylogenetic restriction. This lack of xenoreactivity is not due to a lack of precursor cells for the xenoantigens; guinea-pig lymphocytes, although normally unresponsive to mouse antigens, have a similar precursor frequency for these antigens as do lymphocytes of allogeneic mouse strains. Specific cytotoxic responses of guinea-pig lymphocytes to mouse antigens can be generated if a factor released from con A stimulated guinea-pig spleen cells is added to the culture medium. The factor produced by con A-activated spleen cells (CS) is also phylogenetically restricted in its action; CS must be obtained from animals homologous with the donor of the responding lymphocytes.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Heterophile / immunology*
  • Cobalt Radioisotopes
  • Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic
  • Goats
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Histocompatibility Antigens / immunology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Isoantigens / immunology*
  • Leukocytes / immunology*
  • Lymph Nodes / cytology
  • Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed
  • Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Phylogeny
  • Rats
  • Sheep
  • Spleen / cytology

Substances

  • Antigens, Heterophile
  • Cobalt Radioisotopes
  • Histocompatibility Antigens
  • Isoantigens