Dynamics of a quantum phase transition

Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Sep 2;95(10):105701. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.105701. Epub 2005 Sep 1.


We present two approaches to the dynamics of a quench-induced phase transition in the quantum Ising model. One follows the standard treatment of thermodynamic second order phase transitions but applies it to the quantum phase transitions. The other approach is quantum, and uses Landau-Zener formula for transition probabilities in avoided level crossings. We show that predictions of the two approaches of how the density of defects scales with the quench rate are compatible, and discuss the ensuing insights into the dynamics of quantum phase transitions.