Vibrations and diverging length scales near the unjamming transition

Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Aug 26;95(9):098301. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.098301. Epub 2005 Aug 24.


We numerically study the vibrations of jammed packings of particles interacting with finite-range, repulsive potentials at zero temperature. As the packing fraction phi is lowered towards the onset of unjamming at phi(c), the density of vibrational states approaches a nonzero value in the limit of zero frequency. For phi >phi(c), there is a crossover frequency, omega* below which the density of states drops towards zero. This crossover frequency obeys power-law scaling with phi-phi(c). Characteristic length scales, determined from the dominant wave vector contributing to the eigenmode at omega*, diverge as power laws at the unjamming transition.