Adsorption of mycotoxins by organozeolites

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2005 Nov 25;46(1):20-5. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2005.08.013. Epub 2005 Sep 28.


Adsorption of zearalenone (ZEN), ochratoxin A (OCHRA) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on natural zeolite, clinoptilolite, modified with different amounts of octadecyldimethylbenzyl ammonium (ODMBA) ions was investigated. Results showed that adsorption of hydrophobic ionizable ZEN on unmodified zeolite tuff was very low and that adsorption on organozeolites increased with increasing hydrophobicity of the zeolitic surface. The adsorption was independent of the form of ZEN in solution and the solution pH, indicating that hydrophobic interactions with ODMBA are responsible for ZEN adsorption. Adsorption of low polar ionizable OCHRA on organozeolites also increased with increasing hydrophobicity of the zeolitic surface, however, OCHRA showed moderate adsorption on unmodified zeolitic tuff at pH 3. OCHRA adsorption on unmodified zeolite as well as on lower surface coverage of organozeolite was dependent on the form of OCHRA in solution; there was a decrease of adsorption at high pH, where OCHRA is in the anionic form. It indicated that at acidic pH, low surface coverage allows some combination of hydrophobic interaction with ODMBA and interactions with the surface of the zeolite. At higher surface coverage, the OCHRA adsorption was higher and practically independent of pH, indicating that the hydrophobic interactions of OCHRA with ODMBA are responsible for its adsorption. Nonionizable low polar AFB1 had a high affinity for the unmodified zeolitic tuff and the adsorption of AFB1 was greatly reduced for organozeolites, indicating that AFB1 does not have high tendency for hydrophobic interactions with ODMBA. pH dependence of AFB1 adsorption, while AFB1 has the same form at all pHs, demonstrated that the surface modification of the zeolite depends on pH and that these modifications have influence on its adsorption. The calculated dipole moments of neutral mycotoxin molecules: AFB1-9.5D, OCHRA-6.9D and ZEN-2.2D are in qualitative agreement with adsorption experimental data.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption*
  • Aflatoxin B1 / chemistry
  • Benzalkonium Compounds / chemistry
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Ions
  • Models, Chemical
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Mycotoxins / chemistry*
  • Ochratoxins / chemistry
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds / chemistry
  • Surface Properties
  • Surface-Active Agents / chemistry
  • Zearalenone / chemistry
  • Zeolites / chemistry


  • Benzalkonium Compounds
  • Ions
  • Mycotoxins
  • Ochratoxins
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
  • Surface-Active Agents
  • clinoptilolite
  • Zeolites
  • ochratoxin A
  • N,N-dimethyl-N-octadecylbenzylammonium
  • Zearalenone
  • Aflatoxin B1