Enhancement of motor rehabilitation through the use of information technologies

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2006 Jan;21(1):8-20. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2005.08.006. Epub 2005 Sep 29.

Abstract

The recent development of information technologies has dramatically increased the tools available for facilitating motor rehabilitation. This review focuses on technologies which can be used to augment movement-related information both to patients as well as to their therapists. A brief outline of the motor system emphasizes the role of spinal motor neurons in the control of voluntary movement and rehabilitative efforts. Technologies which induce passive motion to stimulate spinal motor output as well as technologies that stimulate active voluntary movements are discussed. Finally, we review technologies and notational methods that can be used to quantify and assess the quality of movement for evaluating the efficacy of motor rehabilitation efforts. We conclude that stronger evidence is necessary to determine the applicability of the wide range of technologies now available to clinical rehabilitation efforts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biotechnology / methods*
  • Humans
  • Medical Informatics / methods*
  • Motion Therapy, Continuous Passive / methods*
  • Movement Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Musculoskeletal Manipulations / methods
  • Rehabilitation / methods*
  • Robotics / methods*
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted / methods*