Ontogeny of the neutral amino acid transporter SNAT1 in the developing rat

J Mol Histol. 2005 May;36(4):301-9. doi: 10.1007/s10735-005-6061-x.


System A is a highly regulated, Na+-dependent transporter that accepts neutral amino acids containing short, polar side chains. System A plays an important role during rat development as decreased pup weights are observed in dams infused during gestation with a non-metabolizable System A substrate. Given the potential importance of SNAT1 during development in the rat brain, we examined whether SNAT1 would be present at an earlier gestation during organogenesis in multiple organs by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. SNAT1 protein was observed in the developing lungs, intestines, kidneys, heart, pancreas, and skeletal muscle of rats at prenatal days 14, 17, 19, 21, and postnatal day 2 rats. SNAT1 protein expression decreased in the liver and intestine shortly after birth and as the rat matured. SNAT1 expression was constant throughout development in the lungs and kidney and increased in the heart from prenatal day 19 to postnatal day 2. Highest levels of expression in older animals were seen in organs undergoing rapid cell division.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Transport System A / immunology
  • Amino Acid Transport System A / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Embryo, Mammalian / cytology
  • Embryo, Mammalian / embryology
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Immunoblotting
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Amino Acid Transport System A