The human connectome: A structural description of the human brain

PLoS Comput Biol. 2005 Sep;1(4):e42. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.0010042.


The connection matrix of the human brain (the human "connectome") represents an indispensable foundation for basic and applied neurobiological research. However, the network of anatomical connections linking the neuronal elements of the human brain is still largely unknown. While some databases or collations of large-scale anatomical connection patterns exist for other mammalian species, there is currently no connection matrix of the human brain, nor is there a coordinated research effort to collect, archive, and disseminate this important information. We propose a research strategy to achieve this goal, and discuss its potential impact.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / anatomy & histology*
  • Brain / cytology*
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Nerve Net*
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Synapses / metabolism