Developmental history of the Glover-Nilsson smoking behavioral questionnaire

Am J Health Behav. 2005 Sep-Oct;29(5):443-55. doi: 10.5555/ajhb.2005.29.5.443.


Objective: To develop a simple, easily administered pencil-and-paper questionnaire to determine the degree to which behavioral patterns play a role in smoking dependence.

Methods: A modified Delphi technique was used to identify initial questions and to eliminate obvious duplications. Phase 2 utilized multiple statistical methods (principal components analysis, cluster analysis, stepwise multiple linear regression, cross tables, Mantel-Haenzel c2-test, and a Gamma test) to evaluate and reduce the number of questions from 18.

Results: These analyses yielded an 11-item questionnaire that can potentially assess behavioral dependence.

Conclusion: It is hoped that the GN-SBQ will assist physicians, health care providers, and tobacco interventionists in identifying aspects of smoking addiction that are behavioral in nature. The need for future research is discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health*
  • Humans
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • United States