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Review
, 31 (2), 143-50

Review of Prevalence and Outcome of Vascular Disease in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus

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Review

Review of Prevalence and Outcome of Vascular Disease in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus

J S Weiss et al. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg.

Abstract

Objectives: Review the literature to determine the prevalence and outcome in patients with diabetes that undergo surgery to correct carotid artery stenosis, lower extremity arterial disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).

Design and materials: Studies were obtained from searches over the past 15 years on the National Library of Medicine's online search engine.

Results: The review demonstrated an equivalent prevalence of carotid artery stenosis requiring surgery in patients with diabetes, it favored no increase risk of post-CEA stroke, and it was split on perioperative morbidity and mortality risk. There was an increase prevalence of lower extremity arterial disease requiring surgery in patients with diabetes, it favored equivalent patency and limb salvage rates, and it was split on the morbidity and mortality risk. The review demonstrated a decrease in AAA prevalence among patients with diabetes, it found an increase in the morbidity risk, and equivalent mortality risk.

Conclusions: Stroke, graft patency, and limb salvage rates in patients with diabetes after surgery are similar to patients without diabetes; however, their risk of complications is increased after surgery and the mortality risk may be higher after CEA.

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