Objectives: Coronary stenting is associated with a high incidence of restenosis in patients with diabetes mellitus. Recent data suggest that diabetic patients treated with abciximab have a lower rate of target vessel revascularization (TVR). We sought to investigate whether abciximab can reduce in-stent restenosis after coronary stenting in diabetic patients.
Methods: In this prospective double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 254 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus undergoing nonurgent coronary stenting to receive abciximab with an initial heparin bolus of 50 U/kg (n = 128) or placebo with an initial heparin bolus of 70 U/kg (n = 126). All patients received aspirin and clopidogrel before the procedure. The primary endpoint was angiographic restenosis by quantitative coronary angiography at 6 months. The secondary endpoint was death, myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 6 months.
Results: The clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics were matched between the 2 groups. Angiographic follow-up was completed in 226 patients (90%). Angiographic restenosis occurred in 29.1% of the abciximab group, and 24% of the placebo group (p = 0.30). The rates of the secondary endpoint were similar between the 2 groups (23.4% in the abciximab group versus 22.2% in the placebo group; p = 0.88). TLR was performed on 36 (18.4%) lesions in 29 (23.4%) patients of the abciximab group, and 26 (13.6%) lesions in 23 (18.3%) patients of the placebo groups, respectively (p = 0.21 and 0.35, respectively).
Conclusions: Abciximab does not reduce angiographic restenosis or TLR in type 2 diabetic patients undergoing nonurgent coronary stenting.