Purpose: To evaluate the effect of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide on serous macular detachment in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO).
Methods: Eight eyes of 8 patients with BRVO (6 men and 2 women; age range, 52-76 years) made up the study population. The eligibility criteria for this study included clinically and angiographically detectable cystoid macular edema (CME) in which the presence of serous macular detachment was documented by optical coherence tomography (OCT). After intravitreal injection of 0.1 mL (4 mg) of triamcinolone acetonide, the visual and anatomical responses were observed.
Results: In all eyes, after injection of triamcinolone acetonide, CME and serous macular detachment regressed. At 3 and 6 months, CME and serous macular detachment had recurred in 1 eye (12.5%) and 2 eyes (25%), respectively. Patients with recurrence were retreated. No eyes lost vision at 1 month, and all eyes showed improvement. At 3 months, no eyes had lost vision from baseline, and 7 eyes (87.5%) showed improvement. At 6 months, again no eyes had lost vision from baseline, and 7 eyes (87.5%) maintained improved visual acuity.
Conclusions: The preliminary results of our study showed prompt resolution of serous macular detachment with corresponding improved visual acuity in patients with CME secondary to BRVO. Further study with longer follow-up and a larger series is warranted to assess the long-term efficacy and safety.