Cancer chemoprevention: scientific promise, clinical uncertainty

Nat Clin Pract Oncol. 2005 Oct;2(10):518-25. doi: 10.1038/ncponc0319.


We review fundamental processes, such as mutation, oxidative stress, and inflammation that are critical for carcinogenesis and provide specific molecular targets for new chemopreventive agents. New information from molecular biology studies has identified such targets, including regulatory molecules such as Nrf2 (nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2), epidermal growth factor receptor kinases, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, components of the Janus kinase-signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway, nuclear factor-kappaB, and cyclin D. The development of new drugs for the control of these targets that are both safe and effective will be important for the future of cancer chemoprevention.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage*
  • Chemoprevention / standards*
  • Chemoprevention / trends
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / drug effects
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Prognosis
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Sex Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome


  • DNA-Binding Proteins