The relationship between psychological and somatoform dissociation in the general population

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2005 Oct;193(10):690-2. doi: 10.1097/01.nmd.0000181353.69821.44.


We assessed psychological and somatoform dissociation and their relationships in the general population. The study questionnaires included the Dissociative Experiences Scale, the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory, and background characteristics. Four study groups were formed: subjects with low dissociation scores (N = 1334), with high psychological dissociation (N = 93), with high somatoform dissociation (N = 93), and with high psychological and somatoform dissociation (N = 65). Those with high psychological and somatoform dissociation differed clearly from the other groups. They had depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, a reduced working ability, a poor financial situation, poor general health, and inadequate social support more frequently than subjects in the other groups. Thus, a considerable amount of ill health was recorded in this group.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Dissociative Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Dissociative Disorders / epidemiology
  • Dissociative Disorders / psychology
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Social Support
  • Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Somatoform Disorders / epidemiology
  • Somatoform Disorders / psychology
  • Suicide / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Work Capacity Evaluation