Cancer prevention by phytochemicals

Oncology. 2005;69 Suppl 1:38-40. doi: 10.1159/000086631. Epub 2005 Sep 19.


Information has been accumulated indicating that diets rich in vegetables and fruits can reduce the risk of a number of chronic diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and age-related macular degeneration. Phytochemicals (various factors in plant foods), such as carotenoids, antioxidative vitamins, phenolic compounds, terpenoids, steroids, indoles and fibers, have been considered responsible for the risk reduction. Among them, a mixture of natural carotenoids has been studied extensively and proven to show beneficial effects on human cancer prevention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carotenoids / therapeutic use*
  • Diet*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Plants, Edible / chemistry*
  • Plants, Genetically Modified


  • Carotenoids