It has been shown that separate irradiation of distilled water and tris-phosphate buffer containing some inorganic ions, with Escherichia coli K12 grown in anaerobic conditions upon fermentation of sugar (glucose) with "noise" electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequencies (53.5-68 gHz) or millimeter waves (wavelength of 3 to 8 mm) with low flux capacity (0.01 mW) for 10, 30 and 60 min caused opposite effects, changing the growth of these bacteria. The irradiation of water has a bactericide effect, whereas the irradiation of the buffer stimulates bacterial growth although the buffer itself inhibits the growth. These results point out the role of water in the bactericide action of "noise" electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequencies, and confirm the significance of membranotropic effects. The bactericide action disappeared after repeated irradiation for 10 and 30 min with 2-h intervals. This indicates the operation of some compensatory mechanisms in bacteria.