Rho GTPases: biochemistry and biology

Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol. 2005;21:247-69. doi: 10.1146/annurev.cellbio.21.020604.150721.


Approximately one percent of the human genome encodes proteins that either regulate or are regulated by direct interaction with members of the Rho family of small GTPases. Through a series of complex biochemical networks, these highly conserved molecular switches control some of the most fundamental processes of cell biology common to all eukaryotes, including morphogenesis, polarity, movement, and cell division. In the first part of this review, we present the best characterized of these biochemical pathways; in the second part, we attempt to integrate these molecular details into a biological context.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biochemical Phenomena
  • Biochemistry*
  • Biology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*


  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins