BiTEs: bispecific antibody constructs with unique anti-tumor activity

Drug Discov Today. 2005 Sep 15;10(18):1237-44. doi: 10.1016/S1359-6446(05)03554-3.


Bispecific T-cell engager molecules (BiTEs) constitute a class of bispecific single-chain antibodies for the polyclonal activation and redirection of cytotoxic T cells against pathogenic target cells. BiTEs combine a unique set of properties that have not yet been reported for any other kind of bispecific antibody construct, namely extraordinary potency and efficacy against target cells at low T-cell numbers without the need for T-cell co-stimulation. Here we review novel insights into the mechanism of BiTE action, which help to explain the unique features of BiTEs, as well as data from various animal models demonstrating the outstanding therapeutic potential of BiTEs for the treatment of malignant diseases.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bispecific / pharmacology
  • Antibodies, Bispecific / therapeutic use*
  • Cytotoxicity, Immunologic
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Neoplasms / immunology
  • Neoplasms / therapy*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Bispecific