The immunosuppressive (IS) regimen based on sirolimus/low-dose tacrolimus is considered a major determinant of success of the Edmonton protocol. This regimen is generally considered safe or even protective for the kidney. Herein, we analyzed the impact of the sirolimus/low-dose tacrolimus combination on kidney function. The medical charts of islet transplant recipients with at least 6 months follow up were reviewed. There were five islet-after-kidney and five islet transplantation alone patients. Serum creatinin, albuminuria, metabolic control markers and graft function were analyzed. Impairment of kidney function was observed in six of 10 patients. Neither metabolic markers nor IS drugs levels were significantly associated with the decrease of kidney function. Although a specific etiology was not identified, some subsets of patients presented a higher risk for decline of kidney function. Low creatinin clearance, albuminuria and long-established kidney graft were associated with poorer outcome.