The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ca2+ channel Cch1pMid1p is essential for tolerance to cold stress and iron toxicity

FEBS Lett. 2005 Oct 24;579(25):5697-703. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2005.09.058. Epub 2005 Oct 5.


Cch1p and Mid1p are components of a high-affinity Ca(2+)-permeable channel in the yeast plasma membrane. Here, we show that growth of mutants in the Cch1pMid1p channel is markedly hypersensitive to low temperature and to high iron concentration in the medium. Both phenotypes were suppressed by high Ca(2+) concentration. Iron stress elicited an increased Ca(2+) influx into both wild type and cch1Deltamid1Delta yeast. Inhibition of calcineurin strongly depressed growth of iron-stressed wild type yeast, indicating that calcineurin is a downstream element of the iron stress response. Iron hypersensitivity of the cch1Deltamid1Delta mutant was not associated with an increased iron uptake. An involvement of oxidative stress in the iron-hypersensitive phenotype was indicated by the findings that the antioxidants tocopheryl acetate and (ethyl)glutathione improved growth and viability of the iron-stressed mutant. Further, the degree of glutathione oxidation was increased in the presence of iron. The results indicate that iron stress leads to an increased oxidative poise and that Cch1pMid1p is essential to tolerate this condition.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Calcium Channels / genetics
  • Calcium Channels / physiology*
  • Cold Temperature*
  • Gene Deletion
  • Iron / toxicity*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / physiology*
  • Oxidative Stress / genetics
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / drug effects
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / physiology*


  • CCH1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Calcium Channels
  • MID1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Iron
  • Calcium