We hope that this short review has produced convincing, although indirect, evidence that in the case of rheumatoid synovitis, the T cell is the conductor of an orchestra playing a tune written by an antigen-presenting cell. The tune develops and becomes modified with time, so that it is difficult to discern with clarity much of the original melody. We believe that it may be possible to substitute a new score that will bring this symphony to a harmonious end. We also strongly believe that this is preferable to augmenting the string section or suppressing the percussion section of the orchestra in the vain hope that in the end harmony can be achieved. The final musical analogy must be the hope that the first page of the score can be found, so that we may discover the main theme, the leitmotif, of the rheumatoid-specific antigenic peptide.